Nurses Job Description
Nurses have a variety of duties that they are expected to perform in their daily operations at the medical facilities where they work (Villanovau.com, 2014). Their duties are:
- They observe and record the behavior of patients.
- Coming up with patients' treatment plans.
- Doing diagnosis tests.
- Administering medicines and treating patients.
- Registered nurses supervise licensed practical nurses with the certified nurse assistants.
- Consulting with other physicians such as dietitians to come up with the best disease management or drug-food interactions for patients.
Although they have these duties, there are limits that they should not exceed. These are:
- Nurses are prohibited to prescribe the drugs.
- Discharging patients who are admitted without informing the doctor.
- Treating children who are of age less than two years (Raeve, 2002).
- Changing prescribed drugs for any reason without consulting the doctors.
- Transferring patients admitted to other medical facilities.
- Conducting surgeries to the patients.
Nurses are also guided by a code of ethics. According to Diers (2004), they are:
- Ensuring that there is provision of safe, compassionate and competent care to the patients.
- Promoting health and ensuring wellbeing of people.
- Respecting and promotion of evidence-based healthcare.
- Preserving dignity.
- Ensuring privacy and confidence for the patients.
- Promoting justice.
- Ensuring accountability.
To qualify to become a nurse in the United States of America, one must have the following qualifications:
- One needs to be literate and have adequate qualifications that satisfy the institution where they want to study nursing.
- One needs to be ready to work as a support worker, although there are no minimum qualifications for this. However, because of the nature of their jobs, it is important.
- To be registered by the nursing and midwifery council, there is a requirement that a person does not have any previous criminal records.
Universities and nurse training colleges offer different types of nurse training programs. According to Careersinnursing.ca, these are:
- Graduate programs for people who would like to go to the institution either on a full time or part time basis.
- Distant learning for people who would like to study without necessarily visiting the institution often.
There are four branches of nursing: adult, pediatric, dealing with the disabled and mental health.
Several nursing colleges and universities, such as the University of Washington, the Duke University, and Yale University, offer these courses among many others. In these colleges, the annual tuition fees ranges from 5,000 dollars to 6,000 dollars.
The duration of a nursing course varies depending on the taken program, success rate in exams and whether studies are taken during all the semesters or school terms. However, the average time that the most people take to complete a nursing program is between 4 and 6 years (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Et Al., 2011).
Nurses are supposed to be registered by the nursing and midwifery society. In addition, there are three different sets of nursing careers. There are registered nurses, licensed practical nurses and the certified nursing assistants.
According to the data released by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the US, by the year 2020 the tally of registered nurses is expected to rise by around 26 percent. According to the same statistics, nurses who have a minimum qualification of a Bachelor of Science in nursing degree will have the best employment opportunities in the country. This is because there is a trend where most employers are seeking to employ nurses with this qualification (Villanovau.com, 2014).
Nursing as a career has the big future ahead. As realized from the statistics mentioned, the tally of nurses that are registered is expected to increase by 26 percent in the next six years. This is most likely caused by the current trend where the government has dedicated many resources towards improving the health condition of people. In addition, more people are seeking the specialized training than before, which means that demand for nurses will increase. This will come with the better pay for nurses. Now, most of them earn approximately 69,000 dollars per year. The salary range is between 46,000 and 96,000 dollars. Majority of nurses are in the upper part of the median. For the nurses who are able to advance their careers, they could be able to increase their wages significantly. There are a number of strategies that nurses can use to advance their careers. They could take specialization training or management courses.
To study nursing, the student needs to register with the nursing and midwifery council (Nhscareers.nhs.uk, 2014). These students qualify for gaining financial help from the government. Although the government pays their tuition fee in full, they will receive a grant of 1,000 dollars annually, and could apply for a bursary that could see them getting up to 5,000 dollars in a year.
At the nursing colleges, there are a number of professional journals where students can get materials to research using. Examples of these could be the journal of medical ethics, the New England journal of medicine and the American journal of medicine. All these are very good journals that have been traditionally known to have substantial information of medicine and medical research.
Continuing Educational Units are very important in nursing. These ensure that the nurses are able to get additional information that will facilitate their career development. In addition, through these units nurse are able to advance their knowledge, thus they will attend to patients better. Nurses can take almost 100 continuing educational units.
Nurses willing to take these programs can do it online, attend colleges or organize training sections where they are trained. The latter works better when organized by organizations where nurse work since it is cheaper to organize training for the staff collectively than individually.
Personal Career Plan in Nursing
I think I fit perfectly to the nursing profession. As I grew up, I was sure that being a Medical Assistant is what I wanted. I have a very strong passion helping in the health care, using my skills and experience to improve other people's lives. I have had a great passion for service to humanity. After college, I intend to work in the country, helping people who have different impairments in their road to recovery. I hope to become a physician who helps people when they are in need. I am convinced that this program will promote me towards achieving my dreams, and I will be able to attend college to get the knowledge and skills required to achieve my goals.
I have gone through other organizations previously where I underwent rigorous curriculum. My performances were good at school. I have been involved in the several physician mentorship programs which have been very important in psychologically preparing me for the industry. Also I have volunteered in a healthcare related institution in the past.
I hope to be admitted to the medical school to study nursing. There, I will reciprocate my hard work to ensure that I complete my course successfully. Then I hope to get a job with any medical facility in the country where I will work to ensure that the health of the people is improved. Later on, I could further my studies and probably do a master's degree. I will concentrate on pediatrics. I want to concentrate on pediatrics since I want to see children living a healthy life.
Careersinnursing.ca. (n.d.).Nursing schools | Careers in Nursing.
Committee on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing, at the Institute of Medicine., Robert Wood Johnson Foundation., & Institute of Medicine (U.S.). (2011).The future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press.
Diers, D. (2004).Speaking of nursing: Narratives of practice, research, policy, and the profession. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Nhscareers.nhs.uk. (2014).Nursing - NHS Careers.
Raeve, L. (2002). Medical authority and nursing integrity. 28 (6), p. 353. doi:10.1136/jme.28.6.353.
Villanovau.com. (2014).Registered Nurse (RN) Job Description and Salary.