Can each person be a full member of a human family? Who decides whether to accept this individual into the society or not? The essay gives a detailed explanation of the human rights issue, nowadays challenges concerning it and perspectives for the future improvement. Preliminary, in the investigation the problem of people’s unawareness of their fundamental rights is aroused, and, what is worth attention, it turned out to be intrinsic not to the paticular regions, but to the various parts of the planet. Consequently, there is outlined an importance to spread the human rights movement around the world and inform people about their fundamental freedoms.
Together with the evolution of human rights forms over the years, the new challenges connected with them have appeared. In each state, there are appropriate governmental bodies responsible for human rights protection. Accordingly, on the international stage, such institutions as United Nations Organization (UNO), World Health Organization (WHO), Human Rights Watch (HRW) and others provide by the necessary support of human freedoms between the countries as well as uphold human dignity and advance the cause of human rights worldwide. From the first actions taken against racial discrimination in the late 60s to trying to overtake the patterns of enslavement these organizations manage the issues with the regards to equality and justice everywhere. As the report published by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights indicates, the prior modern challenges, which humanitarian law faces, are impunity, poverty, discrimination, armed conflict, violence, lack of democracy and weak social institutions. As a result, the efforts of the organizations, dealing with the humanitarian law issues, should aim to lessen the scale of the mentioned problems and find the most efficient solutions to them.
One of the most significant concerns of the modern society is that most people do not know their rights and very often the elementary ones. Alternatively, these individuals may lack confidence in self-defense when it comes to involvement in the governmental affairs. Therefore, they become the victims of justice and damage reputation or even health because of disability to prove personal rightness.
The death penalty, which is also known as capital punishment, is the verdict of court after the process of law that enforces the offenders to death. This problem still exists in some countries has seriously spread around the world. Its application is quite advantageous for the governments of the countries where population does not know about the basic statements of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Though death penalty is an effective tool of punishment and enforcing discipline, it contradicts the humanitarian laws accepted by the countries with UN-membership. The Third Article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights proclaims the right of everyone to live, stay free and secure. However, when exposed to the death penalty, the victims mostly do not try to defend themselves internationally, addressing to the UN’s document. Unfortunately, many developed countries with well-developed economic and social spheres still accept death prosecution. For example, in 2015, Iranian government executed approximately 830 people, and, what is more, at least four of them were young people under eighteenth. Usually, each country hides the cases of death prosecution of children because it is an evident violation of international law. Among the countries that officially accept death penalty, most of all incidents happen in China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and the United States. Overall, it is vitally significant for the representatives of the humanitarian organizations to teach people around the world their rights to help these unprotected individuals defend themselves. Also the work of the international law institutions has to stand for the abolition of death penalty among the countries and protection of children from such prosecution.
Alternatively, when it comes to self-defense and contradiction with the authorities for its breaching the human rights of a person, courage, and awareness of your freedoms are necessary. Quite often people cannot protect themselves from the government pressure and obey its decisions if they contradict with humanitarian law. The story of Jenny Paton and her fervent protection of own rights proves that the dignity and honesty of every person depend on its ability to defend them. Particularly, the woman and her family were under surveillance held by the local authorities during three weeks. Jenny neither was notified of it nor suspected of being tailed. When she knew about the surveillance, the woman felt that her family should resist to such violence and addressed to the Investigatory Powers Tribunal for law protection. It revealed that the local council had breached Article 8 of the Human Rights Act, which proclaims the right of anyone to respect to his privacy, family life, home, and correspondence. The Article 8 also prohibits any interference into the private life of an individual by a public authority except the cases necessary in a democratic society.
In this way, Jenny resisted to the pressure of the local council and was not afraid to involve the Investigatory Powers Tribunal to help her protect own rights. The story proves that there is a law protection not only for the exiled and injured people, but also for the most vulnerable members of the community who are unaware of the personal freedoms. That is why it is remarkably significant for everyone to know the bodies, which can assist with the human rights protection, and be confident to appeal to them.
To continue the topic, when there is a suppression of the communities, it becomes a worldwide precedent, and the authorities cannot obscure it from the publicity. In 2011, the people of the Middle East and North Africa rebelled against the violation of their natural freedoms. The representatives of different social groups, ages and backgrounds stood for change, and even for the military and security forces, it was hard to surpass the rebels. Called as the “Arab Spring” it was a period when the protests encompassed the people of different origins, but mostly Arabs, Amazigh and Kurds. The large scale of controversy resulted from the years of oppression, human rights violations, and corruption. Thus, ordinary people released their power to change the situation for better. The preliminary reason for revolt was an action of Mohamed Bouazizi – young man from the small Tunisian town – that injured himself to express the popular fury. Further, it inspired the people to stand against the dictators of Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen who, until that moment were inviolable.
The massive rebel over the countries ended with the different results. In Tunisia and Egypt, peaceful protesters triumphed, making the government amend the humanitarian laws. At the same time, in Libya, the revolt turned into the armed conflict against the oppressive regime of Colonel Mu’ammar al-Gaddafi. Syria and Saudi Arabia’s authorities surpassed the rebels by force. What is more, the “Arab Spring” deepened social and economic problems in these countries, and caused international intervention into the political affairs of the states. Therefore, this massive continental movement displays that all the dictatorial regimes, which violented human rights, soon or late will be exposed to overthrow, and the victims have to fight for their rights publicly and if necessary involve the help of the international institutions.
Considering all the things together, to protect themselves from the violence and injustice, people have to be aware of their rights and share this knowledge with the most vulnerable individuals in the society. To defend personal freedoms from the governmental intervention, each person may address to the relevant international organizations like United Nations Organization (UNO), World Health Organization (WHO), Human Rights Watch (HRW) etc. Some countries still dignify fundamental human powers by practicing death penalties and applying them to children. Thus, the humanitarian institutions have to aim at the annulling this method of punishment worldwide. The actions of self-protection with the help of law from violence are rare, but these cases have to go public. They motivate other defenseless society members to advocate for personal freedoms. Consequently, such separate actions inspire the whole communities to strive for their human rights, and the “Arab Spring” is one of the brightest examples of this. So, who has power to limit a person in its freedoms? These people live close to us, they implement own ambitions and aim to leave names in the history. Actually, each ordinary person can influence the global politics and improve the life of humanity for better.